First Aid

Run cold tap water over the burn for 10 to 15 minutes. Cold water is the best immediate treatment for minor burns. The cold lowers the skin temperature and lessens the severity of the bum. Do not use ice, as it may further damage the injured skin.

Remove rings, bracelets, watches, or shoes from the burned limb. Swelling may make them difficult to remove later.

For first- and second-degree burns with intact blisters:

-Leave the burn alone for 24 hours. Don't cover the burn unless clothing rubs on it. If it rubs, cover it with a gauze pad taped well away from First Aid the burn. Do not encircle a hand, arm, or leg with tape. Change the bandage after 24 hours, and then every two days.

-After two or three days of healing, the juice from an aloe leaf can soothe minor burns.

-Do not put salve, butter, grease, oil, or ointment on a burn. They increase the risk of infection and don't help heal the burn.

-For second-degree burns, do not break blisters. If the blisters break, clean the area by running tap water over it. Apply an antibiotic ointment, such as Polysporin or Bacitracin, and cover the First Aid burn with a sterile dressing. Don't touch the wound with your hands or any non-sterile objects. Remove the dressing every day, clean the wound and cover it again. - -Aspirin or ibuprofen can help relieve pain from minor burns.

Third-degree burns require immediate medical treatment. Call a health professional as soon as possible.


Shock may occur due to sudden illness or injury. When the circulatory system is unable to enough blood to the vital organs, the body goes into shock. Sometimes, even a mild injury lead to shock.

-The signs of shock include:

-cool, pale, clammy skin;

-dilated pupils;

-week First Aid, rapid pulse;

-shallow, rapid breathing;

-low blood pressure;

-thirst, nausea, or vomiting;

-confusion or anxiety;

-faintness, weakness, dizziness, or loss of consciousness.

Shock is a life-threatening condition. Prompt care can save lives.

First Aid

Have the person lie down and elevate his legs 12 inches or more. If the injury is to the neck, or chest, keep the legs flat. If the person vomits, roll him to one side to let fluids drain from the mouth.

Control any bleeding and splint any fractures.

Keep the person warm, but not hot. Place a blanket underneath him and cover First Aid him with sheet or a blanket, depending on the weather. If the person is in a hot place, try to keep him cool.

Take and count the person's pulse every five minutes.

Comfort and reassure him to relieve anxiety.

Call for help immediately if signs of shock develop.

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